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Buckingham Palace

Explore the very best landmarks that London has to offer! Discover iconic palaces, world-famous clocks, and ancient castles. Learn about the rich history and cultural significance of each site, and enjoy breathtaking views and unique experiences that will leave you with unforgettable memories. From the grand Buckingham Palace to the modern marvel of The Shard, get ready to dive into the top 10 landmarks that you simply can’t miss when visiting this vibrant city.

1. Buckingham Palace

Buckingham Palace is an iconic landmark and the official residence of the British monarch. It is recognised worldwide as a symbol of the monarchy’s power and history. The palace serves as the backdrop for grand royal and national celebrations, further emphasising its importance. One of the most captivating traditions at the palace is the Changing the Guard ceremony, which takes place regularly and attracts tourists from all over the globe. Witnessing the precision and ritual of the guard change is an unforgettable experience.

During the summer months, Buckingham Palace opens its doors to the public, allowing visitors to explore the magnificent State Rooms. These lavishly decorated rooms showcase exquisite artwork, priceless antiques, and a glimpse into the royal family’s grand lifestyle. If you visit London during the winter or spring, you can also join exclusive guided tours on selected dates, offering an even more intimate experience within the palace walls.

2. Big Ben

Big Ben, located in the heart of London, is one of the world’s most famous clocks and a true icon of the city. Its distinctive silhouette is instantly recognisable, making it one of the most photographed landmarks globally. The clock tower stands tall, striking its familiar chimes that have echoed through the streets of Westminster for over a century across the political landscape.

Through the reigns of six monarchs and the terms of 41 prime ministers, Big Ben has kept a steadfast watch over the city. Its intricate Gothic Revival architecture, featuring intricate stone carvings, ornate dials, and elaborate ironwork, is a testament to the craftsmanship of its time. Ongoing conservation work ensures that this beloved landmark is preserved for future generations to admire and cherish.

3. Tower of London

The Tower of London, a castle steeped in history and intrigue, stands as one of the city’s most iconic landmarks. Recognised as a World Heritage Site, it offers visitors a glimpse into the past with its fascinating stories and exhibits. Among its treasures, the Tower houses the breathtaking Crown Jewels, sparkling with priceless gemstones and embodying the richness of royal history.

As you explore the castle, you’ll encounter the legendary Yeoman Warders, also known as “Beefeaters,” who guard the tower and share their captivating tales. Keep an eye out for the resident ravens, too, believed to bring good luck to the kingdom. The Tower also holds the key to understanding the mysterious fates of the Princes in the Tower and the story of Sir Walter Raleigh, imprisoned in the infamous Bloody Tower.

4. London Eye

London EyeThe London Eye, a towering observation wheel on the South Bank of the Thames, offers a unique perspective of the city. With a height of 443 feet, it provides riders with a breathtaking bird’s-eye view of London. Step into one of the spacious capsules, and you’ll gently glide into the sky, offering a slow-moving, panoramic experience.

As your capsule rises, iconic landmarks come into view, presenting a stunning visual feast. You’ll spot Big Ben, Buckingham Palace, and the Tower of London from a whole new angle. On a clear day, you might even see as far as Windsor Castle! The London Eye provides a memorable and peaceful experience, allowing you to soak in the beauty of the city at your leisure.

5. St. Paul’s Cathedral

St. Paul’s Cathedral, a masterpiece of architecture designed by Sir Christopher Wren, stands as a prominent landmark in London. With its magnificent Baroque-style dome, the cathedral dominates the city skyline, visible from many parts of the capital. The intricate interior, featuring intricate carvings, ornate chapels, and stunning stained glass, leaves visitors in awe.

Throughout history, St. Paul’s has played a significant role in important events, including royal weddings and state funerals. It served as a symbol of resilience during World War II, surviving the Blitz and providing a space for hope and worship. Today, guided tours led by expert volunteers offer insights into the cathedral’s rich history and architectural brilliance.

6. Tower Bridge

Tower Bridge, an iconic symbol of London, is instantly recognisable worldwide. Its unique design combines beauty and functionality, featuring two striking towers and a bascule mechanism that allows river traffic to pass beneath. This engineering marvel from the city’s industrial past continues to fascinate visitors today.

Step onto the high-level Walkways to enjoy panoramic views of London, offering a perspective unlike any other. The Glass Floors provide a thrilling experience, allowing you to see the bustling city life below your feet. Descend into the magnificent Victorian Engine Rooms and uncover the stories of the bridge’s unsung heroes, whose dedicated work kept the bridge functioning.

7. Westminster Abbey

Westminster AbbeyWestminster Abbey, a historic church with a rich heritage, has been intimately linked to the monarchy for centuries. Serving as the coronation site of English and British monarchs, the abbey holds a significant place in the nation’s history. With its Gothic architecture, intricate carvings, and stunning stained glass, it stands as a testament to religious and cultural importance.

Within the abbey, you’ll find the final resting places of royalty, poets, statesmen, and other notable figures, their tombs, and memorials a reminder of their legacy. A visit to Westminster Abbey offers not only a glimpse into Britain’s royal traditions but also a chance to appreciate the beauty and tranquillity of this sacred space, making it a must-see destination in London.

8. Trafalgar Square

Trafalgar Square, a vibrant public square in the heart of London, serves as a cultural hub and a monument to the city’s rich history. The square commemorates the Battle of Trafalgar, with its iconic lion statues and majestic fountains taking centre stage. These majestic statues, symbolising strength, and bravery have become synonymous with London’s identity.

Beyond its historical significance, Trafalgar Square has played a pivotal role as a gathering place for Londoners. It has been the site of joyous celebrations, passionate protests, and community events, reflecting the diverse nature of the city. The square’s design, with its open spaces and impressive monuments, provides a perfect backdrop for these gatherings, making it a true cultural epicentre.

9. Madame Tussauds

Madame Tussauds London offers a unique and immersive experience, allowing visitors to get up close and personal with incredibly lifelike celebrity figures. Spread across three floors, the attraction showcases over 150 famous personalities in eight distinct zones, providing a comprehensive journey through the world of fame and celebrity. You’ll encounter an incredible range of wax celebrities, from royalty and political figures to Hollywood stars and sports legends.

One of the most exciting aspects of Madame Tussauds is the opportunity to step into four totally immersive experiences. The Spirit of London ride takes visitors on a trip through time, showcasing the capital’s rich history and cultural evolution. For those seeking a thrill, the Chamber of Horrors unveils London’s darkest crimes and stories, sending shivers down your spine.

The Shard

The Shard, a modern architectural marvel, stands tall in London’s vibrant skyline. With its distinctive design, this towering skyscraper is an iconic symbol of the city’s contemporary face. The building’s unique shape, resembling a shard of glass, reflects the light in a mesmerising display, making it visible from various parts of the capital.

Rising to a height of 1,016 feet, The Shard offers breathtaking views of London from its observation decks. Visitors can enjoy a multi-sensory experience, taking in the ever-changing panorama of the city below. The decks provide a unique perspective, allowing you to identify famous landmarks and appreciate the scale and diversity of London’s architecture.


London’s landmarks offer a fascinating glimpse into the city’s rich history and dynamic present. Each site has its own unique story to tell, reflecting the evolution of architecture, culture, and power through the ages. Whether you’re marvelling at the ancient Tower of London or soaking in the modern ambiance of The Shard, these landmarks will leave a lasting impression. So, when planning your trip to London, be sure to include these top attractions for an immersive and memorable experience.